In its early stages, the use of different eyeglasses, a magnifying glass, or stronger lighting may help vision loss caused by cataracts. Eventually, you may need cataract surgery to fix your impaired eyesight.
Cataract surgery is a very common surgery. It is safe and effective. An ophthalmologist should perform the surgery. Cataract surgery is conducted while you are awake. The doctor will give you a calming medication that will mildly sedate you, and a special numbing gel and eye drops to avoid any discomfort during the procedure.
Surgery involves switching out the cloudy lens with a new artificial intraocular lens. There are two types of cataract surgery:
Small-incision cataract surgery is the most commonly performed type of cataract removal. The eye surgeon makes a tiny opening on the eye, next to the outer corner. A small probe gives off ultrasound waves to dissolve the core, the hard part of the cloudy lens. The cataract material is removed by another probe, which provides suction through the same opening.
During extracapsular surgery, a more extended opening is made at the top of the eye to remove the hard center of the lens. The rest of the cataract material is taken out by suction through the large opening.
Cataract surgery usually takes between ten and twenty minutes, depending on the severity of the condition. You should also expect to spend up to thirty minutes following the surgery to recover from the sedative effects.